Acorn Electron

Vital Statistics

Introduced July 1983
Retired: 1992
Price: £199
Quantity Sold: unknown
: Worldwide
Dimensions: 340 x 160 x 65 mm
Weight: -
Ports: RF out, composite video monitor out, cassette in/out, expansion port
Usable RAM: 32K
Built-in ROM: 32K
Colours: 16 colours
Graphics: 160 x 256 pixels, up to 640 x 256
Sound: 1 + 1 noise channel
Built-in Language: BBC BASIC and Assembler
Clones: British Telecom Merlin M2105 Communications Terminal

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What's it like today?

Fun Factor:
: Fairly common
Typical value: £30
Boxed & Mint: £80

Acorn introduced the Electron in 1983 to attempt to get market share back from the likes of the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. Aiming for a retail price below £200, the Electron was pitched as a cut-down, budget version of the BBC Micro - essentially very similar but without all the expansion capabilities. It ran a MOS 6502A at 2 MHz, and came with 32K of RAM, just as with the BBC Model B.

At launch though, Electron production problems arose around the manufacturing of the complex ULA chip which was responsible for handling video output, sound, and all I/O communication, and it missed the important Christmas period in 1983. This was a blow that it never fully recovered from in the race to gain market share and widespread acceptance.

Acorn realised that expansion was the reason the BBC has faired so well in sales, and so they introduced the "Plus 1" interface for the Electron in 1984. This unit provided the Electron with two ROM cartridge ports, and printer port and a joystick port. Further expansion devices soon followed, with the "Plus 3" which provided a double-density 3.5" floppy disk drive connected via a WDC1770 floppy controller and ADFS ROM chip. This was the first Acorn computer to support the ADFS filing system. Third-party companies also produced peripherals for the Electron, including memory expansion boxes, Mode 7 display units (the Electron didn't come with Mode 7 "Teletext" as standard), 'Turbo' boards that allowed 2 MHz access to more of the RAM, and joystick interfaces.

Consumer demand for the Electron was never as high as the BBC, Spectrum or Commodore 64, and many Electrons that were built were never sold. Having said that, it sold more games throughout its product life than the BBC, and new software was still being written for the Electron into the early 1990s.