Commodore Amiga

Vital Statistics

Introduced July 1985 (A1000), 1987 (A2000, A500), 1990 (A1500, A3000), 1991 (CDTV, A500+), 1992 (A1200, A600), 1993 (A4000, CD32)
Retired: 1990 (A2000), 1992 (A500), 1993 (A600), 1996 (A1200)
Price: $1295/£1700 (A1000), $595/£599 (A500 no monitor), £2000 (A2000), £999 (A1500), £3000 (A3000), £399 (A500+), £599 (CDTV), £399 (A600), $599/£399 (A1200), £399 (CD32)
Quantity Sold: Several million
Countries: Worldwide
Dimensions: ?
Weight: ?
Ports: Composite, RGB, RCA stereo audio out, 2 x joystick ports, RS232 serial port, Centronics parallel port, external floppy drive port, expansion slot.
Usable RAM: 256K (A1000), 512K (A500/+), 1Mb (A600, A3000), 2Mb (A1200, A3500, A4000, CD32, CDTV, CD-500)
Built-in ROM ("Kickstart"): 256K (A1000, A500, A2000, CDTV, early A3000), 512K (later A3000, A500+, A600, later A2000), 1Mb (CD32)
Colours: 32, 64 (with EHB mode), or 4096 (HAM mode) from palette of 4096 (OCS or ECS) or 16.8 million (AGA)
Graphics: 640 x 400 (16 colour), 320 x 200 (32 colours)
Sound: 4 voice / 2 channel stereo 8-bit
Built-in Language: none (Microsoft Amiga BASIC available)
Built-in OS : AmigaOS 1.0/1.1/1.2 loaded from Kickstart floppy disk
Clones: None

Technical Details...

What's it like today?

Fun Factor: 5/5
Geek Factor:
Model/Rarity/Price (Poor - BNIB/Mint):
Amiga 1000 £120-£300
Amiga 2000 £80-£160
Amiga 500 £20-£90
Amiga 3000 £150-£300
CDTV £140-£250
Amiga 500+ £20-£100
Amiga 600 £25-£120
Amiga 4000 £250-£600
Amiga 1200 £85-£160
CD32 £100-£200


The Amiga series of computers was originally developed by Amiga Corporation. Commodore bought Amiga Corporation before they introduced it to market, and began with the release of the Amiga 1000 in 1985. This used the Motorola 68000 CPU (running at 7 MHz), a 32-bit microprocessor, although the external data bus was only 16-bits. Along with the processor, the Amiga used custom graphics ("Denise") and sound ("Paula") chips, and ran a preemptive multitasking operating system called AmigaOS.

The A1000, or just 'Amiga' as it was originally known, had 256K of RAM and a 3.5" double-sided double-density (DS-DD) floppy drive built-in which could store 880K. Optional extras included a 13" RGB colour monitor, priced at $300, although the A1000 came with composite output which allowed it to be connected directly to a TV. On this first Amiga, the core parts of the operating system (known as the "Kickstart") had to be loaded from floppy disk. Later Amigas held this in ROM.

Two years later in 1987 Commodore released the Amiga 2000 and Amiga 500. The A2000 was aimed at the high-end market, but was actually very similar technically to the low-end pitched A500, both having 512K RAM. The A2000 had the advantage of a larger PC-style desktop case with capacity for five expansion slots, known as "Zorro II", two 16-bit ISA slots, a CPU upgrade slot, and a battery-backed clock. It could be purchased with a built-in SCSI hard disk drive (badged the A2000HD) or with an accelerator card made available later that replaced the 68000 CPU with a 68020 or 68030 CPU. A2000s that were sold with accelerator cards were marketed as the "A2500".

The A500 was designed for the low-end home computer market, and was the variant that sold in the greatest quantity. It was pitched to compete directly with the Atari 520ST. In 1989 in the UK it was bundled as the "Batman Pack" which contained a variety of titles including Deluxe Paint III, Batman, F/A18 Interceptor and The New Zealand Story. Following the Batman Pack, many other bundles were put together to drive sales of the A500 to high street consumers.

In 1990, Commodore released the A1500 which was a variant of the A2000 with a second floppy drive in the hard drive bay. An A1500 could be upgraded to an A2000 with the addition of a hard disk controller card and a SCSI hard disk. It was released to the UK market only.

Commodore also released the A3000 in June of that same year to succeed the A2000. The A3000 came with a 68030 CPU running at either 16 or 25 MHz, 2Mb RAM, a math coprocessor, the ECS graphics chipset, a built-in SCSI hard disk (40Mb, 50Mb or 100Mb), and a built-in flicker fixer that allowed the computer to work with a VGA monitor. A Unix variant was also released, called the A3000UX, and also a version in a full-height tower case, called the A3000T.

In March 1991, Commodore tried to enter the games console market with the CDTV. It was one of the first computers that came with a built-in CD-ROM drive. Physically it looked like a hi-fi seperate, designed not to look out of place under your CD player and VCR, and it came with an infra-red remote control. Internally it was an A500 without the floppy drive and with 1Mb RAM. The CDTV did not sell well, however, since most of the existing Amiga community were expecting an external CD-ROM drive to be released for their Amigas.

Commodore succeeded the A500 in late 1991 with the A500+, which came with new versions of Kickstart/Workbench 2.04 (with the new AmigaOS 2.04). It also came with 1Mb of RAM and new versions of the Agnus and Denise custom chips which formed the ECS (Enhanced Chip Set) for minor improvements in graphics. It also got a battery-backed real-time clock, which was lacking in the original A500. The A500+ was cost-reduced with changes to the motherboard to simplify the design and reduce component count.

In March 1992, Commodore introduced the Amiga 600. Essentially a redesign of the A500+ and intended to give a much-needed sales boost of the A500 line before the forthcoming 32-bit A1200. It came with a few notable additions such as the built-in PCMCIA Type II slot and a built-in ATA hard disk controller to support the addition of an internal ATA hard disk. The A600 was physically smaller than the A500/A500+ with no seperate numeric keypad. It came bundled with the more user-friendly AmigaOS 2.0. Despite its smaller physical size, CPU, memory and drive upgrades were possible.

In October 1992 and early 1993, Commodore replaced the A2000 and A3000 line with the A4000 series. These consisted of the A4000/030 (with Motorola 68EC030 CPU) and the A4000/040 (with Motorola 68040). Continuing with the similar PC desktop-style case of the A2000 and A3000, the A4000 supported 5.25" and 3.5" drive bays at the front, an IDE disk interface, came with a high-density floppy drive, and PC-compatible memory (which was 50% slower than older Amiga memory). A tower version was also released, called the A4000T. The A4000 came with 2Mb memory and was the first Amiga to introduce the new AGA chipset (Advanced Graphics Architecture). This provided colour depth of 8 bits per pixel, allowing for 256 colours or 262144 colours in HAM mode displayed simultaneously from a total palette of 16.8 million. The previous chipsets (OCS and ECS) allowed a maximum of 32 colours from a palette of 4096. AGA also provided super hi-res smooth scrolling, and 32-bit fast page memory fetches.

Also in October 1992, Commodore introduced the A1200. Pitched directly against the new Atari Falcon, but intended as a full home computer, it also inadvertently competed against entry-level PC market and 16-bit games consoles. It came with a Motorola 68EC020 CPU and 2Mb RAM. The A1200 sold very well before Commodore went bankrupt, reportedly selling over 1 million A1200 in the first year.

In September 1993, Commodore reentered the games console market, this time with the Amiga CD32. A true 32-bit CD-ROM based console, it made use of the AGA graphics chipset, and was essentially an A1200 under the hood. Unfortunately, Commodore was plagued with component supply problems and so could not keep up with demand for the new console, and despite it being successful in Europe the demise of Commodore into bankruptcy in April 1994 forced the discontinuation of the CD32.

Commodore's assets were bought by Escom, who relaunched the A1200 in 1995 with an updated operating system and a floppy drive made by a different manufacturer. Unfortunately it was overpriced and suffered compatibility problems with the new floppy drive, resulting in very poor sales.

The table below summarises some of the details of each model in the Amiga's long life:

Model Year CPU Chip RAM Graphics Sound System Address Decoder Kickstart ROM
A1000 1985 68000 @ 7 MHz 256 KB Agnus/Denise (OCS) Paula Gary  
A2000 1987 68000 @ 7 MHz 1 MB Agnus/Denise (OCS) Paula Gary OCS: 1.2 initially, 1.3 later
ECS: 2.04
A500 1987 68000 @ 7 MHz 512 KB Agnus/Denise (OCS) Paula Gary 1.2 initially, 1.3 later
CDTV 1991 68000 @ 7 MHz 1 MB Fat Agnus/Denise (ECS) Paula Gary 1.3
A500+ 1991 68000 @ 7 MHz 1 MB Fat Agnus/Super Denise (ECS) Paula Gary 2.04
A3000 1992 68030 @ 16/25 MHz 1 MB Fat Agnus/Super Denise /Amber (ECS) Paula Fat Gary 1.4
A600 1992 68000 @ 7 MHz 2 MB Fat Agnus/Super Denise (ECS) Paula Gayle 2.05
A4000 1992 68030/68040 @ 25/40 MHz 2 MB Alice/Lisa (AGA) Paula Fat Gary 3.0
A1200 1992 68020 @ 14 MHz 2 MB Alice/Lisa (AGA) Paula Gayle 3.0 (CBM branded), 3.1 (ESCOM)
CD32 1993 68020 @ 14 MHz 2 MB Alice/Lisa (AGA) Paula Akiko  


Many Amiga were shipped as bundles. Some of the more common ones are listed below:


Your Imagination is the Limit (UK only) - Unexpanded A500, Photon Paint.
The Batman Pack (UK £399, October '89 - September '90) - Unexpanded A500, and titles: Batman the Movie, F/A-18 Interceptor, New Zealand Story, Deluxe Paint II, Kind Words.
Flight of Fantasy (UK £399, April '90 - September '90) - Unexpanded A500, Rainbow Islands, F-29 Retaliator, Escape from the Planet of the A500 Starter Kit - Expanded A500 with 512K FastRAM, Crazy Cars, Super Ski, Hole in One Miniature Golf, Kind Words 2, Fusion Paint.
Robot Monsters, Deluxe Paint II.
Screen Gems (UK September '90 - July '91) - Expanded A500 with 512K FastRAM, Back to the Future III, Night Breed, Days of Thunder, Shadow of the Beast 2.
Amiga Magic Pack (Germany only) - Wordworth, Whizz, Pinball
Amiga 500 Bonus Pack (USA, 1989) - Tetpn, Where in the World in Carmen Sandiego, Amiga Tutorial, Amiga Textcraft Plus, AX Magazine Software & Information, Amiga Extras, Amiga Basics.



A500 Cartoon Classics (UK £359, July '91 - September '92) - A500 with ECS chipset, 1MB of ChipRAM. Came with Workbench 2.04, The Simpsons, Captain Planet, Lemmings, Deluxe Paint III.



Desktop Dynamite (UK £350, 1993) - Wordworth 2.0 AGA, Deluxe Paint 4 AGA, Print Manager, Dennis and Oscar.
Comic Relief (Worldwide £399, 1993) - Sleep Walker, Comic Relief edition of Amiga Format.
Amiga Magic (UK £399, October '95 - November '95) - First pack by Escom. Came with Wordworth 4SE, TurboCalc 3.5, DataStore 1.1, Photogenics 1.2SE, Personal Paint 6.4, Organiser 1.1, Scala MM300, Pinball Mania, Whizz.


This page was last updated on 15th October 2017.

Amiga News

05 February 2022New version of RedPill Amiga Game Creator

Now up to Beta 0.9.6, REDPILL is a tool written by Jens Henschel, aka Farbfinsternis, to empower people to create games for Amiga without programming knowledge. It is both easy to use and at the same time allows you to do complex things. Create 2D games with the true Amiga feeling, with support for ECS and AGA graphics. RedPill runs on AmigaOS or ApolloOS with 1 MB of Chip RAM and 2 MB Fast RAM. For more details and to download the tool for me, head over to

21 August 2021TheA500 is coming!

Retro Games Ltd, makers of TheC64, have announced they will be introducing their Amiga 500 mini console called TheA500 in early 2022! Though based on the Amiga 500 it will also support the later and more enhanced A1200, and will fully support save slots for games.

The new console will not have an operational keyboard, but will come with a controller, a real mouse and a USB port for you to connect your own keyboard.

In terms of bundled titles, Retro Games have confirmed the following already: * Alien Breed 3D * Another World * ATR: All Terrain Racing * Battle Chess * Cadaver * Kick Off 2 * Pinball Dreams * Simon The Sorcerer * Speedball 2: Brutal Deluxe * The Chaos Engine * Worms: The Director’s Cut * Zool: Ninja Of The Nth Dimension

The price tag will be around $139. More details can be found here.

29 January 2021Amiga Addict Issue 2 out now

The brand new Amiga Addict magazine launched in December 2020. It is the first Amiga-dedicated magazine available in both digital and print form for 14 years!

Issue 2 is now available on the website.

This issue's content includes: • Feature on the legendary DMA Design with Mike Dailly and Steve Hammond
• Demoparty interview with UK organiser Ruairi Fullam
• Tribute to Dave Needle and his engineering legacy
• We look at the light gun adaptor for classic Amigas
• Paul Monaghan looks back at Amiga mags of the past
• A day in the life of Amiga Action Magazine!
• We go games crazy with reviews of The Addams Family, Jim Power, No Second Prize and a look at new game Super Sprint DRS
• Personal history of UK Amiga retail
• Five page Amiga CD32 & CDTV special!
and much more!

07 December 2018Amiga Emulator WinUAE 4.1.0 has been released

WinUAE version 4.1.0 has been released with a massive list of new features and bug-fixes. Here are some highlights of this version:

* PC Bridgeboard (A1060 Sidecar, A2088, A2088T, A2286 and A2386SX) emulation rewrite using the PCem as new core;
* Sound Blaster emulation (PCem, various models)
* AGA hires/superhires horizontal pixel positioning and borderblank horizontal single hires pixel offset fully emulated.
* 68030 MMU emulation compatibility improved
* New emulated hardware: CSA Twelwe Gauge (A1200 68030 accelerator + SCSI controller) and AccessX/Acetec IDE controller

...see more Amiga news...